During our training today, we created a top ten best practices for using PowerPoint. The faculty and staff who attended the training would like to share this crowd-sourced list with you.
Start with instructions and objectives. The first few slides of a presentation should include the learning outcomes you are going to address. These outcomes provide students with a “map” to the following presentation. You should also give instructions on what you want students to do with the information (note-taking reminders, critical thinking questions, and the like) to give students guidance on how they will use the information.
Think like a designer. Presentations are a visual medium, which means you need to take full advantage of this delivery method. Create slides that forefront visual learning with icons, infographics, and other visual elements. Visuals provide another point of entry into the material and give students another opportunity to understand, remember, and apply the information.
Build in pauses. When building a presentation, you should strategically incorporate places that prompt discussion, reflection, and critical thinking. These “pauses” will allow students an opportunity to work with the materials you just presented, ask follow-up questions, and actively engage with their peers. Pauses can take the form of 1-minute papers, a series of reflective questions, or a quick poll.
Grab their attention. Professional presenters know how to grab your attention at the beginning of a talk by giving you a startling statistic, asking a provocative question, or providing an anecdote. Beginning your own presentation with an attention grabber engages students and readies them for the material.
7 x 7 Rule. No more than seven lines per slide and seven words per line. This rule helps to reduce the amount of text per slide, so that students can focus on your instruction rather than trying to read from the slide. It will also prevent you from using the slide as crutch (rather than as a tool!).
Remember the white board. Slides can be like whiteboards in the sense that they offer you a space for publicly displaying ideas. Like whiteboards, you don’t need to / want to write down everything you say—and you especially don’t do it in long form. Instead, keep your slides clutter free and use bulleted lists to provide talking points.
Think before you animate. Animation has many useful applications, but it can also be a distraction if it is overused or used incorrectly. Students might be watching text flying in from all sides while trying to learn a new theory or concept. Before animating a slide or an element, think about your purpose in doing so: do you need to control the flow of information? do you want to emphasize a point? draw attention to a particular visual? These questions will help you make good choices when choosing to animate.
Make use speaker’s notes. The speaker’s notes (located at the bottom of each slide) will help you in a variety of ways, including providing yourself with important presentation reminders and using later as a transcript for the presentation. Students may also avail themselves of your notes (if you provide them) while studying or trying to learn (or re-learn) a concept.
Get to know “presenter mode.” Presenter mode (located under Slideshow>Set Up Slide Show) provides faculty with an opportunity to see their notes during presentation. This mode will help you to stay on track with your presentation and focused on achieving your stated outcomes.
Say no to karaoke. While you may be encouraged to read from the screen at your local karaoke bar, you don’t want to bring that same habit into the classroom. Reading from a slide can undermine your ethos in the classroom by suggesting to students that you need to read from the slide in order to be certain of what you are discussing. It also suggests to the students that you don’t see them as capable of reading the information for themselves. And, finally, it’s just plain boring.
Stay tuned for upcoming training sessions on this and other tech topics!
A special thank you to those in attendance, including Dr. Matthew Ademola, Kim Bateman, Dr. Brant Ellsworth, Ben Lipschutz, Dr. Marcie Rovan, and Dr. Melissa Wehler.